What do you mean by Glaucoma| Symptoms, Causes, Treatment

Glaucoma

A group of disease which damages the optic nerve is Glaucoma disease, it causes blindness. Who has this disease face problem like:-

  • A Headache
  • Problem of side vision [left and right]
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea
  • In bright light they see halos

In some case people do not face this problem, regular checkup can diagnose the disease. Sometimes it happened in genetic and from family history, those older have diabetes or glaucoma, those have the risk of eye diseases.

This happens when fluid [substance that has no fixed shape] build in the front of eyes, and when fluid increase they pressure the eye and damage optic nerve. Glaucoma is mainly found in above 60-year-old human being, it mainly causes blindness, early treatment can stop this disease. But no treatment cause complete blindness within coming few years.

Glaucoma

Types of glaucoma

  • Angle-closure:- Angle-closure also known as acute angle-closure, chronic angle-closure, and narrow-angle glaucoma. In this you can not drain right- left because the angle between cornea and iris is narrow. This disease is not common.         

Symptoms of angle-closure Glaucoma:-

  • Suddenly get sight loss
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Eye pain
  • See rainbow color in bright light
  • Blurred vision

Open-angle:- Open-angle is also known as an optometrist, this is common diseases. The doctor called this disease is wide-angle glaucoma. The trabecular mesh-work is drain structure of your eyes, it looks normal.

Symptoms of open-angle Glaucoma:- In this people cannot get early signs, without noticeable it is developed slowly and cause vision loss. When people notice the disease, they get to advance. Surgery Treatment also not recover the vision. Doctor diagnose this disease with a regular checkup.

  • Get vision loss in an advanced stage.
  • Blind spots in central vision, right side, left side in both the eyes.

Treatment of open-angle glaucoma:- It gets treated with several combinations of eye drops, microsurgery, and laser trabeculoplasty.

Glaucoma Disease causes:-

When the pressure of the fluid is high inside the eye, the liquid part does not circulate in the front of an eye. Aqueous humor is known as fluid, it flows out through the mesh-like channel. The liquid build up and these channels get blocked. Doctors also not known the actual reason for blockage of these channels.

Some few facts of glaucoma disease causes:-

  • Chemical injury
  • Several times eye infection
  • Blunt
  • Blood vessel get blocked
  • Inflammatory
  • Sometimes eye surgery get wrong

disease

Glaucoma treatment

  • Eye drops
  • Microsurgery
  • laser surgery

Eye drop

First and easily treatment is eye drop, people firstly try eye drop if there is any problem with eyes like:-

  • Redness
  • Blurred vision
  • Allergies
  • Stinging
  • Irritation

Take eye drops with doctor prescription, the wrong drop can affect heart and lungs.

Microsurgery

Microsurgery is for permanent and temporary [infection or bleeding] vision loss, in this doctor create a new channel o drain the fluid and eye pressure, implant tube to help drain fluid. This is also known as trabeculectomy. Sometimes doctors fail in this surgery and redone.

Surgery

Open-angle glaucoma, the laser surgery increase the flow of fluid from the eye. Angle-closure glaucoma, it can stop the fluid blockage.

  • To reduce fluid, it treats the middle area of eye.
  • To flow fluid freely, make a small hole in iris. 
  • Drainage area opens [trabeculoplasty]

General tips

  • Regular eye exercise
  • Eat healthily
  • Take your medicine on time
  • Focus on things, to make eye pressure
  • Take pillow while sleeping
  • Do not drink or smoke
  • Do not rub your eyes
  • Protect eyes from dust